It just might be the most common form of physical ailment we know: the dull ache or sharp stabs of back pain. Four out of five people experience back pain at some point in their lives, and it is the most common cause of missed work.
Ordinary events like playing sports, shoveling snow, and horsing around with the kids can cause short-term, or acute, back pain. At work, it might be heavy
lifting or long periods of sitting at a computer. Work-related back injuries are the number one occupational hazard. After a while, most back pain goes away on its own. But if the pain is severe
or lasts more than a few days, you should see your doctor. Your best bet for avoiding back pain are maintaining a healthy weight, stretching and strengthening your muscles, and using good body mechanics.
|These tips can help you prevent the debilitating effects of back pain:
- When you need to lift something (or someone), use the correct technique (see sidebar).
- Maintain good posture; slouching puts more pressure on your lower back.
- Try not to sit for extended periods. If your work confines you to a desk, be sure to stand at least once an hour to walk and stretch.
- If you spend a lot of time on the computer, set up your workstation properly. This web site offers advice on the best way to sit at a computer.
- While driving, make sure your knees are slightly bent and your back is arched. If you drive long distances, be sure to stop regularly to stretch.
- In extreme cases of back pain, treatment may include bed rest, medication, or even surgery. But most cases can be resolved the old-fashioned way: take it easy for a few days, then slowly start stretching and exercising lightly. As the pain subsides, you can increase the intensity of your stretching and exercising.
To minimize back pain, focus on exercises that increase the strength and flexibility of the muscles in your back, stomach, hips, and thighs. For tips on stretching exercises, visit this web page from WebMD. The site also includes exercises designed specifically for lower back pain.
A last piece of advice: Keep a positive attitude about your job and home life. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, studies show that people who are unhappy at work or home tend to have more back problems and take longer to recover than persons who have a positive attitude.
|Lifting heavy objects improperly is the most common cause of back pain. Proper lifting techniques, courtesy of the American Academy of Orthopaedic
Surgeons, will reduce the chance that you will hurt your back in the process.
- Plan ahead what you want to do and do not be in a hurry.
- Spread your feet shoulder-width apart to give yourself a solid base of support.
- Bend your knees.
- Tighten your stomach muscles.
- Position the person or object close to your body before lifting.
- Lift with your leg muscles. Never lift an object by keeping your legs stiff, while bending over it.
- Avoid twisting your body; instead, point your toes in the direction you want to move and pivot in that direction.
- When placing an object on a high shelf, move close to the shelf. Do not stand far away and extend your arms with the object in your hands.
- Maintain the natural curve of your spine; don’t bend at your waist.
- When appropriate, use an assistive device such as a transfer belt, sliding board, or draw sheet to move a person.
- Do not try to lift by yourself something that is too heavy or an awkward shape. Get help.